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Speaking Code: Conditionals
Lesson 4 (of 7)

By Jen Perry 90 minutes
Grades 4-6
English Language Arts,
Science and Technology,
  • Programming
  • Technology and Society
Tools & Languages

Key Coding Concepts

  • Conditional Statements



Making connections based on conditions (ie. if it is raining, then open your umbrella)

This is the fourth of seven lessons.

Learners will focus on learning the coding concept of ‘conditionals’. This lesson includes a computer activity and an unplugged activity. Educators can do both activities or choose one of the activities.


The educator should have some knowledge of coding concepts and experience with Scratch or Blockly. Completing the individual activities ahead of time would be helpful as you may have to model how to complete activities. There is an option to see the solution for each activity.


Ask: What are conditionals?

Play ‘Flocabulary - Coding Conditionals’.

Plugged-in Activity

30-45 minutes

Complete this activity.

Unplugged Activity #1: If-Then Statements

10-15 minutes

Say: You can think of conditionals also as ‘If - Then Statements’.

Write down a few ‘if statements’ on a piece of paper (e.g. ‘At recess, if it is cold outside…’). Then have a partner choose one of your statements to respond to (e.g. ‘then I should dress warm’).

Unplugged Activity #2: Conditionals with Cards (

45-60 minutes

Complete this lesson.

View lesson preview video.

Online activities include a multiple choice and matching assessment that learners must answer before completing the activity level.

Make anecdotal notes of learners who are struggling to complete tasks. Also, make notes of learners who are completing tasks quickly and/or supporting their peers.

For unplugged activities, assess learners’ “If - Then statements”.

Coding: Early finishers can explore Hour of Code activities.


  • For this lesson series, learners could use a digital or regular journal, to include the coding vocabulary taught.
  • Real World Connections

Math: Make Conditional Statement connections to specific math curriculum that is being taught in your classroom (e.g. multiplication: ‘if’ a number is multiplied by zero, ‘then’ it will equal zero).

Technology & Society (Tech & Wellbeing): Review your school or district’s acceptable use policy and make connections to conditionals (e.g. ‘If” you use inappropriate language, ‘then’ your technology use will be restricted.)

Data (Data & its Uses): As a class or independently, have learners create their own Google or Microsoft forms. Include questions that are conditionals (e.g. ‘If’ answer is correct, ‘then’ give one point).

AI & Machine Learning: Make connections to Conditionals and Machine Learning. For example, in the ‘Make Me Happy’ project, learners will create a character in Scratch that smiles if you say nice things to it and cries if you say mean things to it.

Flocabulary - Coding Conditionals Conditionals Activity Unplugged: Conditionals with Cards Hour of Code Activities

Teaching If Then Statements, Make Real World Connections (TechnoKids, 2019)

Machine Learning for Kids Projects!/worksheets

Teach lessons that are tied to your existing curriculum!


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